What is Occupational Therapy?

Occupational therapy is a health profession with the primary goal to enable people to achieve independence, meaning and satisfaction in all aspects of their lives. It is used in a wide variety of settings including private practice, schools, hospitals, old age homes and the workplace. The medium of treatment usually involves the use of purposeful activities, which have meaning and relevance to clients' life.


Children’s main ‘job’ or ‘occupation’ involves predominantly playing, learning and carrying out every-day activities such as using the toilet, getting dressed, writing, brushing teeth and eating independently.  Occupational therapy can be beneficial to children with developmental delays, scholastic difficulties, behaviour problems, sensory integration difficulties as well as permanent disabilities. Children from birth all the way to children in their late teens can benefit from occupational therapy.

Occupational therapy often focuses on developmental milestones and skills that are expected of children in the classroom and on the playground. Many of the therapeutic tools used by occupational therapists involve playful activities, gross motor activities, games, worksheets, arts and crafts, as well as specialised equipment.